Found in lava, meteorites, and deep in the earth’s mantle, yellow-green peridot is the extreme gem
The ancient Egyptians mined peridot on the Red Sea island of Zabargad, the source for many large fine peridots in the world’s museums. The Egyptians called it the “gem of the sun.” Today this gem is still prized for its restful yellowish green hues and long history. Large strongly-colored, examples can be spectacular, and attractive smaller gems are available for jewelry at all price points.
Some peridot is ancient: it's found in pallasite meteorites, remnants of our solar system's birth.
In 2005, peridot was found in comet dust brought back from the
Stardust robotic space probe.
Gem variety of the mineral olivine: found in peridotite rock from the
earth’s upper mantle.
There are processes used to alter the color, apparent clarity, or improve the durability of gems. Some gemstones have synthetic counterparts that have essentially the same chemical, physical, and optical properties, but are grown by man in a laboratory.
Peridot is the birthstone for August and the 15th anniversary gemstone.