Lapis Lazurite

Lapis is a beautiful rock; an aggregate of several minerals, mainly lazurite, calcite, and pyrite.

BRIEF INTRO

This ancient rock is an aggregate of several minerals. The three major minerals that comprise lapis are lazurite, calcite, and pyrite. The rock can also contain lesser amounts of diopside, amphibole, feldspar, or mica. Lazurite is the ingredient responsible for producing the gem’s most prized color—bright royal blue.

ANCIENT

Lapis was treasured by the ancient civilizations of Mesopotamia, Egypt, China, Greece, and Rome.

GLITTER

Golden flecks of pyrite create a sparkle in lapis lazuli.

MARCO POLO

In 1271, Marco Polo described ancient Bactria’s lapis mines.

TREATMENTS

There are processes used to alter the color, apparent clarity, or improve the durability of gems. Some gemstones have synthetic counterparts that have essentially the same chemical, physical, and optical properties, but are grown by man in a laboratory.

SIGN

no sign associated

Kunzite

Collectors love kunzite for its color range, from delicate pastel pink to intense violetish purple.

BRIEF INTRO

Kunzite is the best-known variety of the mineral spodumene. It’s named after famed gemologist George Frederick Kunz, who was the first to identify it as a unique variety of spodumene. Kunzite gets its delicate color from trace amounts of manganese. California’s San Diego County is an important source of kunzite.

SPODUMENE

Kunzite is the best-known variety of spodumene. Others are green hiddenite and yellow triphane.

A “NEW” GEM

Kunzite was first recognized as a unique variety of spodumene around 1902.

LITHIUM

The pegmatites that yield kunzite are also a source of lithium.

TREATMENTS

There are processes used to alter the color, apparent clarity, or improve the durability of gems. Some gemstones have synthetic counterparts that have essentially the same chemical, physical, and optical properties, but are grown by man in a laboratory.

FEBRUARY

Some consider kunzite to be an alternate birthstone for February.