Jade is actually two separate gems: nephrite and jadeite. In China, a pierced jade disk is a symbol of heaven.
Jade has its cultural roots in the smoke-dimmed caves and huts that sheltered prehistoric humans. Around the world, Stone Age workers shaped this toughest of gems into weapons, tools, ornaments, and ritual objects. Their carvings invoked the powers of heaven and earth and mystic forces of life and death.
The philosopher wrote that jade is like virtue and its brightness represents heaven.
The traditional jade flat disc with a hole in the middle, known as a “bi,” symbolizes heaven.
The character for jade is one of the oldest in written Chinese, dating to 2950 BC.
There are processes used to alter the color, apparent clarity, or improve the durability of gems. Some gemstones have synthetic counterparts that have essentially the same chemical, physical, and optical properties, but are grown by man in a laboratory.
Jade is the official gem for the 12th anniversary.