Diamonds are among nature’s most precious and beautiful creations.
Diamond forms under high temperature and pressure conditions that exist only about 100 miles beneath the earth’s surface. Diamond’s carbon atoms are bonded in essentially the same way in all directions. Another mineral, graphite, also contains only carbon, but its formation process and crystal structure are very different. Graphite is so soft that you can write with it, while diamond is so hard that you can only scratch it with another diamond.
Diamonds are the hardest material on earth: 58 times harder than anything else in nature.
“LUCY” IN THE SKY
Fifty light years from earth, this star is a 10 billion-trillion-trillion carat diamond.
1 IN 1,000,000
The average yield in most diamond mines is 1 part diamond to 1 million parts host rock.
There are processes used to alter the color, apparent clarity, or improve the durability of gems. Some gemstones have synthetic counterparts that have essentially the same chemical, physical, and optical properties, but are grown by man in a laboratory.
On almost all modern birthstone lists, diamond is recognized today as the birthstone for April. Diamond is also the gem that marks the 60th and 75th wedding anniversaries.